Siem Reap city, also the capital of the province, is a ‘must-visit’ destination for all visitors to Cambodia. This is where the famous Angkor Wat temple, the largest religious building in the world, is located. The ruins of Angkor, located in thick jungle, are now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Beside Angkor temples, Siem Reap has a lot more to offer to travelers, from the Tonle Sap Lake to the heritage site of the Kulen Mountain and to the recently discovered Koh Ker ruins…
Angkor Wat – World Wonder and Heritage of Humanity
Located about six kilometers north of Siem Reap, Angkor Wat is a Hindu temple complex built to replicate the heavens on earth. Establishmented for King Suryavarman II in the early twelfth century, it is the best-preserved temple and is the only one to have remained a significant religious centre since its foundation. See more
Angkor Thom Temple
Angkor Thom is a very popular attraction for travelers in Siem Reap. This temple was established in the late twelfth century to early thirteenth century by King Jayavarman VII. Angkor Thom is situated 1.7 Km north of Angkor Wat, within which are located several monuments from earlier eras as well as those established by Jayavarman and his successors.
Bayon is a Khmer temple built in the late twelfth century or early thirteenth century at Angkor in Siem Reap. the Bayon stands at the centre of Jayavarman’s capital, Angkor Thom.
Banteay Srei Temple
Banteay Srei was speculated to have been known earlier as Banteay Serai, which literally means the Citadel of Victory. This was the only major temple at Angkor not built by a monarch, its construction is credited to a courtier named Yajnavaraha, who was a scholar and philanthropist and a counselor to king Rajendravarman.
Phnom Bakheng is a Hindu temple originally built in the form of a temple mountain dedicated to Shiva. It was constructed more than two centuries before the Angkor Wat.
Preah Khan Temple
Preah Khan was built on the site of Jayavarman VII’s victory over the invading Chams in 1191. In its heyday, this was the centre of a substantial organisation with almost 100,000 officials and servants. This temple is flat in design, with a basic plan of successive rectangular galleries around a Buddhist sanctuary complicated by Hindu satellite temples and numerous later additions. With numerous trees and other vegetation growing among the ruins, Preah Khan has been left largely unrestored.
Ta Prohm Temple
Ta Prohm is believed to be built in the late twelfth and early thirteenth centuries. This Bayon style temple was founded by King Jayavarman VII as a Mahayana Buddhist monastery and university. Unlike most Angkorian temples, Ta Prohm has been left in much the same condition in which it was found where the photogenic and atmospheric combination of trees growing out of the ruins and the jungle surroundings have made it one of Angkor’s most popular temples with visitors.
Banteay Kdei Temple
Establishmented in the late twelfth to early thirteenth century during the reign of Jayavarman VII, Banteay Kdei temple is known only as a Buddhist temple constructed in the Bayon style. It has been occupied by monks at various intervals over the centuries, but the inscription stone has never been discovered so it is mystery.
Kulen Mountain National Park
The Kulen Mountain or Phnom Kulen is declared as a National Park in Svay Leu District, located 48km from Siem Reap. Its highest point is 487 meters.
Phnom Krom – Tonle Sap Lake
Tonle Sap, the largest freshwater lake in Southeast Asia. This great lake exists as an ecological anomaly. In early June, at the start of the rainy season, the water level of the Mekong River rises to divert part of its flow off its course to the East Sea and redirect it into the Tonle Sap. This forces the current to reverse direction, beginning a process that by the end of October will see the great lake increasing its size almost tenfold, making it the largest freshwater body in Southeast Asia.
Source: Tourism Cambodia